We recommend that children receives an orthodontic evaluation by the age of 7 because enough permanent teeth have come in and enough jaw growth has occurred that the dentist or orthodontist can identify current problems, anticipate future problems and alleviate parents concerns if all seems normal.
Sealants work by filling into the crevasses on the chewing surface of the teeth. This shuts out the food particles that could get caught in the teeth and cause cavities. The application is fast and comfortable. It only takes a few minutes without any local anesthesia. They can effectively protect the teeth for a longer period of time.
Clean your child’s gums with a soft infant toothbrush or cloth and water. As soon as the teeth begin to appear, start brushing twice daily using fluoridated toothpaste and a soft, age appropriate sized toothbrush. Use a ‘smear’ of toothpaste for a child less than 2 years of age. For the 2-5 year old, dispense a ‘pea-size’ amount of toothpaste and perform or assist your child’s tooth brushing. Children should spit out and not swallow excess toothpaste after brushing.
Make sure your child has a balanced diet, including one serving each of fruits and vegetables, breads and cereals, milk and dairy products, and meat fish and eggs. Limiting the servings of sugars and starch will also aid in protecting your child’s teeth from decay. You can also ask your pediatric dentist to help you select foods that protect your children’s teeth.
Parents should take their children to the dentist regularly, beginning with the eruption of the first tooth. Then, the dentist can recommend a specific program of brushing, flossing, and other treatment for parents to supervise and teach to their children. These home treatments, when added to regular dental visits and a balanced diet, will help give your child a lifetime of healthy teeth.
Sucking is normal for babies and young children. It becomes a problem if they go on for a long period of time. Pacifiers should be discontinued by 2-3 years of age. If your child has thumb sucking habit, begin to encourage discontinuation at 4-6 years of age. Most children stop these habits on their own, but if they are still sucking thumbs or finger past the age of three, a habit breaking mouth appliance may be recommended by your dentist.
Many children have unfortunate accidents and can damage their mouth and teeth. A wide range of injuries can occur. Sometimes the damage to the baby teeth is of little concern and sometime they are severe and teeth can be moved about or knocked out. The more serious injuries can cause damage to the permanent teeth that are still forming in the jaw. The amount and type of damage depends on the age of the child as this reflects the stage of development of the underlying second tooth. The amount of injury cannot be seen until the permanent teeth come into the mouth.
The most important thing to do is remain calm. Then find the tooth. Hold it by the crown rather than the root and try to reinsert in the socket. If that is not possible, put the tooth in a glass of milk and take your child immediately to the pediatric dentist along with the stored teeth.
Flossing should be introduced when primary teeth have come in to the mouth, usually by the age of 3 and if there is contact with the other teeth.
First, rinse the irritated area with warm salt water and place the cold compress on the face if it’s swollen. Give the child acetaminophen for any pain. Finally, see a dentist as soon as possible.
As soon as the first teeth appear in your child’s mouth begin using soft bristled toothbrush or you can also use finger brush that are available for children. Use only pea sized toothpaste. As this is done on routine basis your child will become desensitized to brushing.
Many parents have been led to believe that baby teeth don’t need to be restored if affected by decay. But primary or milk teeth are equally important for many reasons. Not only do they help children speak clearly and chew naturally, they also aid in forming a path that permanent teeth can follow when they are ready to erupt.
Early examination procedures have been recommended to help reduce the number of infants and children who suffer from preventable tooth decay. Ideally we like to see children have their first dental check up by their first birthday. It gives an opportunity to examine the mouth and confirm normal oral development. It gives the dentist the opportunity to provide advice on prevention and make the best care plan for your child.
Paediatric dentist are dental specialists with additional years of training. They possess a thorough understanding of the needs and development of children. Paediatric dentists care for infants, children, adolescents and teenagers. They have also acquired special training in treating patients with special needs. Patients’ behavior management is a large part of the dentist and his/her staff’s expertise. In addition, paediatric dentist are received special training in the appropriate use of sedation techniques such as conscious sedation. In collaboration with an anesthesiologist, they can provide dental treatment under intravenous anesthesia and hospital general anesthesia .This expertise allows your child to develop a positive outlook towards dentistry as well as form a bond of trust and acceptance with doctor and his/her staff.